Czeslawa Kwoka. Died in Auschwitz when she was 14.
Katarzyna Kwoka. She was Czeslawa's mother and she also died in Auschwitz
Czeslawa and Katarzyna were both Polish Catholics.
January 27 is Holocaust Remembrance Day, on the anniversary of the Red Army marching on Auschwitz.
We can do two things at once. We can acknowledge the horror of what the Nazis planned and did to Jews.
We can also acknowledge what the Nazis planned and did to Poland and to Catholic Poles.
Here's an unedited transcript from an interview I did with a university student.
"I get this feeling that Polish people don't really have a full respect for Jewish people and that there is an anti-Semitism still lingering and the main thing that makes me think that is an article I read in the Washington Post a month or two ago and what happened was that some warehouse that was very near Auschwitz was recently turned into a discotheque."
Me: "I know this will sound like a ridiculous question, but can you tell me what Auschwitz was?"
My goal: to discover if informant knew that Poles had been interned in Auschwitz.
"Auschwitz had been a concentration camp that a great number of Jewish people were brought to by train. A lot of Jews worked there and died of starvation. And I wanna say that, uh, zyklon b, the chemical that was thrown into the so called shower stalls was instituted there."
Me: "Do you know about the history of non-Jews at Auschwitz?"
"No, I don't any specific history of non-Jews in Auschwitz. "