The vindictiveness of the Russians, after the fall of the Poles' January 1863 Insurrection, went to extremes. See:https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/33820978-powstanie-styczniowe?from_search=true
Szawle is situated in Żmudz, so ethnicity of the insurgents isn't obvious.Jerzy Pankiewicz
Jerzy Wikipedia gives the title of the painting as Hanging Polish Insurgents https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hanging_Polish_January_insurgents_by_Russians_in_%C5%A0iauliai.PNG
Jerzy if you can provide evidence that the title of this painting is *not* "Hanging Polish Insurgents" then please provide that evidence. thank you.
Here is a Lithuanian version of the january uprisig https://www.draugas.org/news/rev-antanas-mackevicius-an-unlikely-lithuanian-1863-1864-insurrection-leader/ I don't know if it is academic, but let's respect the other point of view. Polish sources don't discusss the ethnicity of insurgents, it's always WIeszanie powstańców http://archiwum.rp.pl/artykul/975061-Arcyrusyfikator--ulubieniec-cara.html The Witkiewicz family Polonised and migrated to ethnic Poland, but it had Žemaitijan roots.
It is always good to broaden one's horizons. Thank you for this Lithuanian perspective on the January 1863 Insurrection. I enjoyed it.
According to Polish Wikipedia (I haven't verified, but the story seems to be logical) Zemajtijan szlachta Polonised, but had strong regional feelings. Peasants spoke Zamajtijan and participated in insurrections because of social and religious, but not patriotic, resons.Jerzy
Hello,Those insurgents may have been Polish in cultural not in ethnic sense.Current definition of the Polish nation is quite narrow. I think that we should not aply it to people who lived so long ago. Many great Polish patriots would not be called Poles by modern standards.Dr Goska, I hope that You will like this picture.http://kaliszczasemmalowany.pl/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/powstanie-styczniowe-izraelitki-Hila.jpg
Lukasz thank you so much for sharing. What is the story behind that banner? Is it of the period or a facsimile? Where is it?
You're welcome, Dr Goska.It's a replica of banner from the January Uprising. It is exhibited in the Museum of the History of Polish Jews POLIN in Warsaw.Original banner was made by Polish-Jewish women of Kalisz and given to general Edmund Taczanowski. Embroidered sentence reads: "Walecznym Braciom poświęcają Polki Izaelitki Kalisz 1863" (To Brave Brethren given by Polki Israelites Kalisz 1863).During the battle of Radoszewice banner was almost captured by the Russians. It was saved by female insurgent Walentyna Niemojowska.Banner is kept in the Museum of the Polish Army in Warsaw.Picture of original banner. Link below.http://kaliszczasemmalowany.pl/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/chor%C4%85giew-polki-izraelitki.jpg
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